Germ Illustration

Routine Infection Control Practices and Precautions

Routine practices are recognized strategies to prevent and control infection.  They are based on the principle that any person may be carrying an infection and their bodily fluids potentially contain illness-causing microorganisms.

Follow these routine practices to prevent transmission of infections:

  • Wash your hands frequently and thoroughly with soap and water.
  • Keep your immunizations up-to-date.
  • Keep any open cut or sore (yours or a child’s) covered with a dry, clean bandage.
  • Avoid contact with blood and body fluids. Use disposable gloves when giving first aid. If no gloves are available, keep a piece of clothing or some other material as a barrier between you and the blood or body fluids. Wash your hands thoroughly as soon as you can.
  • If blood or a body fluid splashes in your eyes, you should immediately flush your eyes thoroughly and see your health care provider.
  • Disinfect and sanitize surfaces that have been in contact with blood or body fluids with a 5000 ppm bleach solution for 10 minutes (one part bleach to 9 parts water).
  • Never share personal objects such as toothbrushes. All personal objects should be labelled with proper names and have separate storage.
  • Wipe or blow runny noses promptly; dispose of tissue immediately and wash hands with soap and water/hand sanitizer.
  • Practice respiratory etiquette! Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue whenever you cough or sneeze. If a tissue isn’t within reach, cough or sneeze into your sleeve – on your upper arm, not into your hands.
  • Stay home when ill.

Last modified: February 19, 2020